:::: MENU ::::

Japanese Terminology

  • Jan 03 / 2015
  • Comments Off on Japanese Terminology

Japanese Terminology

Counting to ten in Japanese

English Japanese
One Ichi
Two Ni
Three San
Four Shi
Five Go
Six Roku
Seven Shichi
Eight Hachi
Nine Ku
Ten Ju





AGE UKE Upward Block
AGE ZUKI Rising Punch
AIUCHI “Simultaneous Scoring Technique.” No point awarded to either contestant. Referee brings fists together in front of the chest.
AKA (SHIRO) NO KACHI “Red (White) Wins!” The Referee obliquely raises his arm on the side of the winner.
AKA (SHIRO) IPPON “Red (White) Scores Ippon.” The Referee obliquely raises his arm on the side of the winner (as in …NO KACHI).
ASHI WAZA Name given to all leg and foot techniques
ATEMI WAZA Striking techniques that are normally used in conjunction with grappling and throwing techniques. Often these are associated with attacking specific Atemi points which can inflict pain or damage to the opponent.
ATENAI YONI “Warning without penalty.” This may be imposed for attended minor infractions or for the first instance of a minor infraction. The Referee raises one hand in a fist with the other hand covering it at chest level and shows it to the offender.
ATOSHI BARAKU “A little more time left.” An audible signal will be given by the time keeper 30 seconds before the actual end of the bout.
ATTATE IRU “Contact”
AWASE UKE Joined Hand Block
AWASE ZUKI U-Punch. Also referred to as MOROTE ZUKI
BO Staff. A long stick used as a weapon (approximately 6 feet long)
BUDO Martial way. The Japanese character for “BU” (martial) is derived from characters meaning “stop” and (a weapon like a) “halberd.” In conjunction, then, “BU” may have the connotation “to stop the halberd.” In Karate, there is an assumption that the best way to prevent violent conflict is to emphasize the cultivation of individual character.
BUNKAI A study of the techniques and applications in KATA
CHOKU ZUKI Straight Punch
CHUDAN Mid-section. During the practice of KIHON IPPON KUMITE (one step basic sparring), the attacker will normally announce where he/she will attack JODAN, CHUDAN, or GEDAN (Upper level, Mid-level, or lower level).
CHUDAN ZUKI A punch to the mid-section of the opponent’s body.
CHUI “Warning”
DACHI Stance
DAN Level, Rank or Degree. Black Belt rank. Ranks under Black Belt are called KYU ranks.
DO Way/path. The Japanese character for “DO” is the same as the Chinese character for Tao (as in “Taoism”). In Karate, the connotation is that of a way of attaining enlightenment or a way of improving one’s character through traditional training.
 DOJO  Literally “place of the Way.” Also “place of enlightenment.” The place where we practice Karate. Traditional etiquette prescribes bowing in the direction of the designated front of the dojo (SHOMEN) whenever entering or leaving the dojo.
DOJO-KUN Code of the dojo.
DOMO ARIGATO GOZAIMASHITA Japanese for “thank you very much.” At the end of each class, it is proper to bow and thank the instructor and those with whom you’ve trained.
EKKUA Wooden oar used by the Okinawans which was imporovised as a weapon.
EMBUSEN Floor pattern of a given kata.
EMPI Elbow. Sometimes referred to as HIJI.
EMPI UCHI Elbow strike (also called HIJI-ATE)
ENCHO-SEN “Extension.” After a draw, the match goes into overtime. Referee reopens match with command “SHOBU HAJIME.”
FUDO DACHI Immovable Stance. Also referred to as SOCHIN DACHI.
FUJUBUN “Not enough power”
FUKUSHIN SHUGO “Judges Conference”
FUMIKOMI GERI Stamp kick, usually applied to the knee, shin, or instep of an opponent.
GANKAKU DACHI Crane Stance, sometimes referred to as TSURU ASHI DACHI and SAGI ASHI DACHI.
GASSHUKUA Special training camp.
GEDAN Lower section. During the practice of KIHON IPPON KUMITE (one step basic sparring), the attacker will normally announce where he/she will attack JODAN, CHUDAN, or GEDAN (Upper level, Mid-level, or lower level).
GEDAN BARAI Downward Block.
GEDAN UDE UKE Low Forearm Block.
GEDAN ZUKI A punch to the lower section of the opponent’s body.
GI (KARATE GI) “Uniform” or “Suit”. A Training costume consisting of pants and a loose jacket tied with a belt and is most often white in color.
GO NO SEN The tactic where one allows the opponent to attack first so to open up targets for counteracttack.
GOHON KUMITE Five step basic sparring. The attacker steps in five consecutive times with a striking technique with each step. The defender steps back five times, blocking each technique. After the fifth block, the defender executes a counter-strike.
GYAKU HOMINI Reverse hip twist
GYAKU ZUKI Reverse Punch.
 HACHIJI DACHI A natural stance, feet positioned about one shoulder width apart, with feet pointed slightly outward.
HAI “Yes”.
HAISHU UCHI A strike with the back of the hand.
HAISHU UKE A block using the back of the hand.
HAITO UCHI Ridge-hand Strike.
HAJIME “Begin”. A command given to start a given drill, Kata, or Kumite.
HANGETSU DACHI “Half-Moon” Stance.
HANSHI “Master.” An honorary title given to a senior expert considered a “teacher of teachers”. Awarded to 8th Dan and above.
HANSOKU “Foul.” This is imposed following a very serious infraction. It results in the opponent’s score being raised to SANBON. HANSOKU is also invoked when the number of HANSOKU-CHUI and KEIKOKU imposed raise the opponent’s score to SANBON. The Referee points with his index finger to the face of the offender at a 45 degree angle and announces a victory for the opponent.
HANSOKU CHUI “Warning with an IPPON penalty. This is a penalty in which IPPON is added to the opponent’s score. HANSOKU-CHUI is usually imposed for infractions for which a KEIKOKU has previously been given in that bout. The Referee points with his index finger to the abdomen of the offender of the offender parallel to the floor.
HANTEI “Judgment.” Referee calls for judgment by blowing his whistle and the Judges render their decision by flag signal.
HANTEI KACHI “Winner by decision”.
HARA The position around the stomach which is believed to be the seat of the soul in the eastern martial arts and the source of KI.
HARAI TE Sweeping technique with the arm.
HARAI WAZA Sweeping techniques.
HASAMI ZUKI Scissor Punch.
HEIKO DACHI A natural stance. Feet positioned about one shoulder width apart, with feet pointed straight forward. Some Kata begin from this position.
HEIKO ZUKI “Parallel Punch” (A double, simultaneous punch).
HEISOKU DACHI An informal attention stance. Feet are together and pointed straight forward.
HENKA WAZA Techniques used after OYO WAZA is applied. HENKA WAZA is varied and many, dependent on the given condition.
HIDARI “Left”.
HIJI “Elbow”, also known as Empi.
HIJI-ATE Elbow strike (also called EMPI-UCHI)
HIJI ATEMI Elbow Strikes.
HIJI UKE A blocking action using the elbow.
HIKI-TE The retracting (pulling and twisting) arm during a technique. It gives the balance of power to the forward moving technique. It can also be used as a pulling technique after a grab, or a strike backward with the elbow.
HIKIWAKE “Draw.” Referee crosses arms over chest, then uncrosses and holds arms out from the body with the palms showing upwards.
HITOSASHI IPPON KEN Forefinger Knuckle.
HIZA GERI Knee Kick.
HIZA UKE A blocking action using the knee.
HOMBU DOJO A term used to refer to the central dojo of an organization.
HORAN NO KAMAE “Egg in the Nest Ready Position.” A “ready” position used in some KATA where the fist in covered by the other hand.
INASU Evasion of an on-coming attack through the course of removing the body from the line of attack.
IPPON In competitions this refers to “One point” which may be awarded for a single technique or as the result of two WAZA ARI techniques.
IPPON KEN “One Knuckle Fist”.
IPPON KUMITE One step sparring.
IPPON NUKITE A stabbing action using the extended index finger.
IPPON SHOBU One point match, used in tournaments.
IRIMI To penetrate, to enter. Usually describes moving closer to the opponent than the attack as you close in defense.
JIKAN “Time”.
JIYU IPPON KUMITE One step free sparring. The participants can attack with any technique whenever ready.
JIYU NO KAMAE Freestyle on guard posture.
JIYU KUMITE Free Sparring.
JO Wooden staff about 4′-5′ in length. The JO originated as a walking stick.
JODAN Upper level. During the practice of KIHON IPPON KUMITE (one step basic sparring), the attacker will normally announce where he/she will attack JODAN, CHUDAN, or GEDAN (Upper level, Mid-level, or lower level).
JOGAI “Exit from fighting area.” The Referee points with his index finger at a 45 degree angle to the area boundary on the side of the offender.
JOGAI KEIKOKU “Second exit from fighting area.” WAZA-ARI penalty is given to the opponent.
JOGAI HANSOKU CHUI “Third exit from fighting area”. Referee uses two hand signals with announcement “AKA (or SHIRO) JOGAI HANSOKU CHUI”. He first points with his index finger to the match boundary on the side of the offender, then to the offender’s abdomen. An IPPON is awarded to the opponent.
JOGAI HANSOKU CHUI “Fourth and Final Exit from the fighting area.” Fourth exit from the fighting area causes victory to the opponent.
JUTSU The Art of … as in Ju-Jutsu (Sometimes misspelled as Jitsu)
KACHI Victorious. (e.g., AKA KACHI) in a tournament.
KAESHI IPPON KUMITE Reaction one step sparring.
KAGI DACHI Hook Stance
KAGI ZUKI Hook Punch.
KAISHO Open hand. This refers to the type of blow which is delivered with the open palm. It can also be used to describe other hand blows in which the fist is not fully clenched.
KAKE-TE Hook Block.
KAKIWAKE A two handed block using the outer surface of the wrist to neutralize a two-handed attack, such as a grab.
KAKUSHI WAZA “Hidden techniques.”
KAKUTO UCHI Wrist joint strike. Also known as “KO UCHI.”
KAKUTO UKE Wrist Joint Block. Also known as KO UKE.
KAMA A traditional Okinawan farming implement used to cut rice that resembles a sickle and developed into a weapon
KAMAE A posture or stance either with or without a weapon. KAMAE may also connote proper distance (Ma-ai) with respect to one’s partner. Although “KAMAE” generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important parallel in Karate between one’s physical and one’s psychological bearing. Adopting a strong physical stance helps to promote the correlative adoption of a strong psychological attitude. It is important to try so far as possible to maintain a positive and strong mental bearing in Karate.
KAMAE-TE A command given by the instructor for students to get into position.
KAPPO Techniques of resuscitating people who have succumbed to a shock to the nervous system.
KARATE “Empty Hand”. When Karate was first introduced to Japan, it was called “TO-DE”. The characters of TODE could be pronounced. However, the meaning of TODE is Chinese Hand.
KARATE-DO “The Way of Karate”. This implies not only the physical aspect of Karate, but also the mental and social aspects of Karate.
KARATE-KA A practitioner of Karate.
KATA A “form” or prescribed pattern of movement. (But also “shoulder.”)
KATANA The long sword also known as daito. When worn in combination with the short sword in identical scabbards or koshirae, the set would be referred to as daisho. The daisho or daito could only be worn by samauri of higher rank.
KEAGE Snap Kick. (Literally, Kick upward).
KEIKO (1) Training. The only secret to success in Karate.(2) Joined Fingertips.
KEIKOKU “Warning with WAZA-ARI penalty in SANBON SHOBU. This is a penalty in which WAZA-ARI is added to the opponent’s score. KEIKOKU is imposed for minor infractions for which a warning has previously been given in that bout, or for infractions not sufficiently serious enough to merit HANSOKU-CHUI. Referee points with his index finger to the feet of the offender at an angle of 45 degrees.
KEITO UKE Chicken head wrist block
KEKOMI Thrust Kick ( Literally, Kick Into/Straight ).
KEMPO “Fist Law.” A generic term to describe fighting systems that uses the fist.
KEN Fist.
KEN NO SEN Attacking before the opponent attacks. Preemptive attack.
KENSEI The technique with silent KIAI. Related to meditation.
KENTSUI Hammer Fist Also known as TETTSUI.
Hammer Fist Stike.

KERI Kick.
KI Mind. Spirit. Energy. Vital-force. Intention. (Chinese “chi”) The definitions presented here are very general. KI is one word that cannot be translated directly into any language.
KIAI A shout delivered for the purpose of focusing all of one’s energy into a single movement. Even when audible KIAI are absent, one should try to preserve the feeling of KIAI at certain crucial points within Karate techniques. Manifestation of KI (simultaneous union of spirit and expression of physical strength).
KIBA DACHI Staddle Stance. Also known as NAIFANCHI or NAIHANCHI DACHI.
KIHON (Something which is) fundamental. Basic techniques.
KIKEN “Renunciation.” The Referee points one index finger towards the contestant.
KIME Focus of Power.
KIN GERI Groin Kick.
KI-O-TSUKE “Attention”. Musubi Dachi with open hands down both sides.
KO BO ICHI The concept of “Attack-Defence Connection”.
KO UCHI Wrist joint strike. Also known as KAKUTO UCHI.
KO UKE “Crane Block” or “Arch Block”. Same as KAKUTO UKE.
KOHAI A student junior to oneself.
KOKORO “Spirit, Heart.” In Japanese culture, the spirit dwells in the Heart.
KOKYU “Breathing”
KOKEN Wrist Joint.
KOKUTSU DACHI A stance which has most of the weight to the back. Referred to in English as Back Stance.
KOSA DACHI Crossed-Leg Stance.
KOSHIN Rearward.
KUATSU The method of resuscitating a person who has lost consciousness due to strangulation or shock.
KUMADE Bear hand.
KYOSHI “knowledgeable person,” and usually this title is conferred at rokudan or shichidan, depending on system.
KYU “Grade”. Any rank below Shodan.
KYUSHO WAZA Pressure Point techniques.
MA-AI Proper distancing or timing with respect to one’s partner. Since Karate techniques always vary according to circumstances, it is important to understand how differences in initial position affect the timing and application of techniques.
MAAI GA TOH “not proper distance”
MAE Front.
MAE EMPI Forward Elbow Strike.
MAE ASHI GERI Kicking with the front leg.
MAE GERI KEAGE Front Snap Kick. Also referred to as MAE KEAGE.
MAE GERI KEKOMI Front Thrust Kick. Also referred to as MAE KEKOMI.
MAE UKEMI forward fall/roll.
MAKIWARA Punching board.
MAKOTO A feeling of absolute sincerity and total frankness, which requires a pure mind, free from pressure of events.
MANABU “Learning by imitating.” A method of studying movement and techniques by following and imitating the instructor.
MANJI UKE A Double block where one arm executes GEDAN BARAI to one side, while the other arm executes JODAN UCHI UKE (or JODAN SOTO YOKO TE).
MATTE “Wait”.
MAWASHI GERI Roundhouse Kick.
MAWASHI ZUKI Roundhouse Punch.
MAWASHI EMPI UCHI Circular Elbow Strike. Also referred to as MAWASHI HIJI ATE.
MAWASHI HIJI ATE Circular Elbow Strike. Also referred to as MAWASHI EMPI UCHI.
MAWAT-TE A command given by the instructor for students to turn around.
MIENAI “I could not see.” A call by a judge to indicate that a given technique was not visible form his/her angle.
MIGI Right.
MIKAZUKI GERI Crescent Kick.
MOKUSO Meditation. Practice often begins or ends with a brief period of meditation. The purpose of meditation is to clear one’s mind and to develop cognitive equanimity. Perhaps more importantly, meditation is an opportunity to become aware of conditioned patterns of thought and behavior so that such patterns can be modified, eliminated or more efficiently put to use.
MOROTE ZUKI U-Punch. Punching with both fists simultaneously. Also referred to as AWASE ZUKI.
MOROTE UKE Augmented Block. One arm and fist support the other arm in a block.
MOTO NO ICHI “Original Position.” Contestants, Referee and Judge return to their respective standing lines.
MUDANSHA  Students without black-belt ranking.
MUMOBI “Warning for lack of regard for ones own safety.” Referee points one index finger in the air at a 60 degree angle on the side of the offender.
MUMOBI KEIKOKU “Warning with WAZA=ARI penalty. Referee uses two hand signals with announcement AKA (SHIRO) MUBOBI-KEIKOKU. He first points with his index finger at a 60 degree angle on the side of the offender, then to the offender’s feet.
MUSHIN “No Mind.” The state of being that allos freedom and flexibility to react and adapt to a given situation.
MUSUBI DACHI An attention stance with feet pointed slightly outward.
NAGASHI UKE Sweeping Block.
NAGASU “to flow like water”. Deflection of an on-coming attack. This term describes being carried by a current in a stream. So this relates to nagashi uke in which you re-direct the attack as it moves closer to you, sweeping is just past you.
NAIFANCHI DACHI Straddle Stance. Also referred to as NAIHANCHI DACHI and KIBA DACHI.
NAIHANCHI DACHI Straddle Stance. Also referred to as KIBA DACHI and NAIFANCHI DACHI.
NAKADAKA IPPON KEN Middle Finger Knuckle.
NAMI-GAESHI Returning Wave. Foot technique found in Tekki Shodan to block an attack to the groin area. The technique can also be used to strike the opponent’s inner thigh or knee.
NIHON NUKITE Two finger stabbing attack.
NIDAN Second Level, as in Second Degree Black Belt.
NIDAN GERI Double Kick.
NORU “to ride” or “to carry” or “to give a ride to”, so you ride on your opponent’s attacking arm or leg, etc. You may also ride his hikite to break his rhythm; this is very hard to defend.
NUKETE IRU “Out of Target”
NUKITE Spear Hand.
NUNCHAKU An Okinawan weapon consisting of two sticks connected by rope or chain. This was originally used by the Okinawans as a farm tool to thrash rice straw.
OBI A belt.
OI-ZUKI Lunge Punch.
ONEGAI SHIMASU “I welcome you to train with me,” or literally, “I make a request.”
OSAE UKE Pressing Block.
OSU Used as a sign of respect. Often used when answering an instructor, bowing at the start and finish of a class and to partners when bowing during kumite.
OTAGAI NI REI Bow to each other.
OTOSHI EMPI UCHI An elbow strike by dropping the elbow. Also referred to as Otoshi Hiji Ate.
OYO WAZA Applications interpreted from techniques in Kata, implicated according to a given condition.
REI Bow, “Respect”. A method of showing respect in Japanese culture is the Bow. It is proper for the junior person bows lower than the senior person.
REIGI Etiquette. Also referred to as REISHIKI. Observance of proper etiquette at all times (but especially observance of proper DOJO etiquette) is as much a part of one’s training as the practice of techniques. Observation of etiquette indicates one’s sincerity, one’s willingness to learn, and one’s recognition of the rights and interests of others.
REINOJI DACHI A stance with feet making a ‘L-shape.’
RENSEI Practice Tournament. Competitors are critiqued on their performances.
RENSHI “A person who has mastered oneself.” This person is considered an expert instructor. This status is prerequisite before attaining the status as KYOSHI. Renshi “has a name.” Renshi is no longer one of the many, so to speak. Renshi is usually given at yondan to rokudan, depending on the system.
RYO Both.
RYU “Way”, “School”, “Style” or “Method”. A formalised martial tradition under a teacher or school. e.g. Shotokan-ryu, Wado-ryu, Goju-ryu, Shito-ryu etc.
SAGI ASHI DACHI One Leg Stance. Also referred to as GANKAKU DACHI or TSURU ASHI DACHI.
SAI An Okinawan weapon that is shaped like the Greek letter ‘Psi’ with the middle being much longer.
SANBON KUMITE Three Step Sparring.
SANBON SHOBU Three Point match. Used in tournaments.
SANCHIN DACHI Hour-glass Stance.
SASHITE Raising of the hand either to strike, grab, or block.
SEIKEN Forefist.
SEIRYUTO Bull Strike. A hand technique delivered with the base of the SHUTO (Knife hand).
SEIZA A proper sitting position. Sitting on one’s knees. Sitting this way requires acclimatization, but provides both a stable base and greater ease of movement than sitting cross-legged. It is used for the formal opening and closing of the class.
SEMETE Attacker
SEMPAI A senior student.
SEN NO SEN Attacking at the exact moment when the opponent attacks.
SENSEI Teacher. It is usually considered proper to address the instructor during practice as “Sensei” rather than by his/her name. If the instructor is a permanent instructor for one’s DOJO or for an organization, it is proper to address him/her as “Sensei” off the mat as well.
SENSEI NI REI Bow to the teacher.
SHIAI A match or a contest (Event).
SHIDOIN Formally recognized Instructor who has not yet be recognized as a SENSEI. Assistant Instructor.
SHIHAN A formal title meaning, approximately, “master instructor.” A “teacher of teachers.” Hanshi is “wise” or sage-like, hence the common translation of “master.” Shinan may be an alternative pronunciation.
SHIKKAKU “Disqualification.” This is a disqualification from the actual tournament, competition, or match. The opponent’s score is raised to SANBON. In order to define the limit of SHIKKAKU, the Referee Council must be consulted. SHIKKAKU may be invoked when a contestant commits an act which harms the prestige and honor of Karate-Do and when other actions are considered to violate the rules of the tournament. Referee uses two hand signals with the announcement “AKA (SHIRO) – SHIKKAKU.” He first points with his index to the offender’s face then obliquely above and behind him. The Referee will announce with the appropriate gesture as previously given “AKA (SHIRO) NO KACHI!”
SHIKO DACHI Square Stance. A stance often used in Goju-Ryu and Shito-Ryu.
SHIZENTAI Natural Position. The body remains relaxed but alert.
SHOBU HAJIME “Start the Extended Bout.”
SHOMEN Front or top of head. Also the designated front of a Dojo.
SHOMEN NI REI Bow to the front.
SHOTOKAN “Shoto’s House”. The Shotokan style of karate founded by Gichin Funakoshi. Gichin Funakoshi practised calligraphy and signed his work with the pen name Shoto, hence his style became known as Shoto’s House. Shoto can be translated as “A breeze through the pines”.
SHUGO “Judges Called.” The Referee beckons with his arms to the Judges.
SHUTO UKE Knife-hand Block.
SOCHIN DACHI Immovable Stance. Also referred to as FUDO DACHI.
SOKUTO Edge of foot. This term is often used to refer to the side thrust kick.
SOTO (UDE) UKE Outside (Forearm) Block.
SUKUI UKE Scooping Block.
SUNDOME Control.
SUWARI WAZA Techniques from a sitting position.
TAI NO SEN To receive the initiative, to receive the attack.
TAIMING GA OSOI “Not proper timing”
TAI SABAKI Body movement/shifting.
TAMESHIWARA “To test and to break”, the breaking of materials using various bare handed techniques.
TATAMI Traditionally a straw mat 3 x 6 feet in size and 3 inches thick. Nowdays these are usually made of bound straw and covered in vinyl.
TATE Vertical.
TATE EMPI Upward Elbow Strike.
TATE ZUKI Vertical Punch. A fist punch with the palm along a vertical plane.
TATE URAKEN UCHI Vertical back-fist attack.
TEIJI DACHI A Stance with the feet in a ‘T-shape.’
TEISHO UCHI Palm Heel Strike.
TEISHO UKE Palm Heel Block.
TETTSUI UCHI Hammer Strike. Also called KENTSUI.
TOBI GERI Jump Kick.
TONFA A farm tool developed into a weapon by the Okinawans.
TORANAI “No Point”
TORIMASEN “Unacceptable as scoring techniques.” As HIKIWAKE, but culminating with the palms facing downwards towards body.
TSUKAMI WAZA Catching technique. A blocking technique by seizing the opponent’s weapon, arm, or leg. Used often for grappling techniques.
TSUKI A punch or thrust (esp. an attack to the midsection).
TSUKI TE Attacker
TSURU ASHI DACHI Crane Stance, also referred to as GANKAKU DACHI and SAGI ASHI DACHI.
TSUZUKETE “Fight On!” Resumption of fighting ordered when unauthorized interruption occurs.
TSUZUKETE HAJIME “Resume Fighting – Begin!” Referee standing upon his line, steps back into ZENKUTSU DACHI and brings the palms of this hands toward each other.
TUITE Grappling skills.
UCHI Strike.
UCHI DESHI A live-in student. A student who lives in a dojo and devotes him/herself both to training and to the maintenance of the dojo (and sometimes to personal service to the SENSEI of the dojo).
UCHI MAWASHI GERI Inside Roundhouse Kick.
UCHI (UDE) UKE Inside (Forearm) Block.
UKE Block.
UKEMI WAZA Breakfall techniques.
UKETE Defender
URA MAWASHI GERI Reverse Round-house Kick.
URA ZUKI An upper cut punch used at close range.
URAKEN Back fist.
USHIRO Back, rear.
USHIRO MAWASHI GERI Spinning Reverse Round-house Kick.
USHIRO EMPI UCHI Striking to the rear with the elbow.
WAKIZASHI The short sword also known as shoto. This could be worn by merchants, tradesmen and craftsmen, unlike the long sword. The short sword and long sword worn in combination and mounted in identical scabbards or koshirae are referred to as daisho and could only be worn by higher ranking samauri.
WAZA Technique(s).
WAZA ARI “Half point”
YAMA ZUKI Mountain Punch. A wide U-shaped dual punch.
YAME Stop!
YASUMI Rest. A term used by the instructor to have the students relax, normally following a long series of drills.
YOI Ready.
YOKO Side.
YOKO GERI KEAGE Side Snap Kick. Also referred to as YOKO KEAGE.
YOKO GERI KEKOMI Side Thrust Kick. Also referred to as YOKO KEKOMI.
YOKO MAWASHI EMPI UCHI Striking with the elbow to the side.
YOKO TOBI GERI Flying Side Kick.
YOWAI “Weak Focus”
YUDANSHA Black belt holder (any rank).
ZANSHIN Lit. “remaining mind/heart.” Even after a Karate technique has been completed, one should remain in a balanced and aware state. ZANSHIN thus connotes “following through” in a technique, as well as preservation of one’s awareness so that one is prepared to respond to additional attacks.
ZA-REI The traditional Japanese bow from the kneeling position.
ZENKUTSU DACHI Forward Stance.
ZENSHIN Forward.
ZORI Japanese slippers.